Summary: Criminal rehabilitation has been viewed as the most effective way of converting criminals into responsible citizens.
For some, most criminals are basically dead men walking. But for others, prison is just a place where criminals get a good spanking and endless lectures on behavior until they learn to be righteous. There are endless debates on these. Some people say that criminals deserve the chance to prove their worth and that criminal rehabilitation is a necessary tool to make this possible. However, contrasting parties insist that there are individuals who are just hopeless. That their evil ways do not stop merely because of a few years of seclusion.
There are several programs whose aim is to decrease criminal incidences. Prison-based criminal rehabilitation programs have been found out to be effective in reducing violence and drug use inside the prison. These criminal rehabilitation schemes also help restore the criminals' morals and family values. Those who weren't under the program had the tendency to be brought back to prison after being discharged. Those who have joined the criminal rehabilitation program have led honest and dignified lives outside the prison walls.
An international, non-profit organization called Criminon has been a good example in its successful criminal rehabilitation programs. Criminon, meaning 'no crime', is focused in criminal rehabilitation and in reducing criminal incidences. They educate people and help them find ways to gain back self-respect to make them more decent and productive citizens.
Criminal rehabilitation is not only concerned with the increasing number of inmates in the prison. They are more focused on giving them the opportunity to be better people upon their release and preventing their return to the prison.
The different programs of criminal rehabilitation include training of correctional officers and program personnel as well. It is driven by the finding that the incidence of criminality is due to one's loss of self-respect. Interviews and counseling with a number of prisoners have suggested that most of them have lost trust in themselves. Hence, they have become threats to society.
Criminal rehabilitation may be emphasized for those in prison. However, these can also be used as education tools to those who are enjoying freedom. Crime prevention, public safety, and a good foundation of values are only some of the issues tackled by criminal rehabilitation.
Those who have been personally affected by a crime would rather have criminals mutilated. For them, criminal rehabilitation is more effective if we do away with criminals rather than letting them live inside the cages at the taxpayers' expense. They feel that cutting off the hands of a murderer, or castrating a sex offender would seem more just. But then the real criminal rehabilitation allows prisoners to be amongst us once again. Perhaps you shudder at the thought.