Note that many individual organisms are not able to reproduce and yet are still generally considered to be "alive"; see mule and ant for examples. However, these exceptions can be covered by defining life at the level of entire species or of individual genes (for example, see kin selection for one way that non-reproducing individuals can still enhance the spread of their genes and the survival of their species).
The study of life is called biology and people who study life are biologists.
Currently, the Earth is the only planet in the Universe known by humans to support life. The question of whether life exists elsewhere in the Universe remains open. There have been a number of false alarms of life elsewhere in the Universe, but none of these apparent discoveries have so far been confirmed.
Currently the closest that scientists have got to finding life outside of Earth is fossil evidence of possible bacterial life on Mars.
All life on Earth is based on the chemistry of carbon compounds. Some say that this must be so for all possible forms of life throughout the Universe; others describe this position as "carbon chauvinism".
Most successful animal of the earth in terms of total weight: Antarctic krill, "Euphausia superba", with a biomass probably over 500 million tonnes.
Lifespan is the length of life in each species.
Death is the end of life in a living system, or in a part of it.

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