Yiddish is a language at first a dialect of the German language that Jews began to use in Europe about one thousand years ago. It was (and is) used in the United States, especially in New York. In addition to most words of German source, Yiddish has many words from Hebrew and slavic languages, most notably polish. Yiddish is most often written using Hebrew characters.
In the whole world, Yiddish is spoken by about 3 million people. It is mainly spoken by Hasidic Jews.
European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
In the Netherlands and Sweden, Yiddish is protected by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

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